LFLFC:Descriptive tags characterized
Abortion - REPLACED. Use Pregnancy.
Acceptance - reconciling with smthg earlier opposed
Accusation - accusing others of acts of a negative nature
Admiration - expressing admiration/respect
Adultery - when adultery is discussed
Advertising - showing/discussing ads in media
Advice - refers to any kind of advice or recommendation. See also Warning, Threat
Affection - hugging, kissing, cuddling, etc. See also Endearment, Explicit, Love, Nudity, Sex
Agreement - agreeing on a course of action or on their opinions
Airplane - REPLACED. Use Transportation.
Airport - when airports are the setting or topic of conversation
Alcohol - consumption, drunkenness, socializing around alcohol, etc.
Anger - REPLACED. Use Emotions.
Animals - any significant depiction/discussion of animals other than pets (see Pets)
Antiquated - speech that is marked as not contemporary or old-fashioned
Apartment - scenes outside of or inside what is clearly an apartment
Apology - any verbal expression of regret for one’s actions or words
Aquarium - DELETED
Architecture - when the topic is architecture or when scenes include architectural monuments
Arrest - the act of being arrested and put into jail
Art = when the arts are the topic; see also Architecture, Music, Painting, Sculpture, Theater
Aspect - REPLACED. Use Grammar, clarify in pedagogy.
Aspirations - when dreams for the future are expressed; see also Plans
Augmentative - REPLACED. Use ‘grammar’ and make note in Pedagogical Notes.
Baby - baby (up to the age of walking) generates linguistic activity or is culturally impt.
Balcony - the balcony as a room in apartments
Bank - the place; include ATM as a bank
Baptism - the ceremony
Bar - any place (disco, night club, etc) characterized by alcohol and evening entertainment
Bathroom - REPLACED. Use Home. See also Grooming, Toilet
Baths - public baths, often with a pool or sauna; see also Sauna
Beach - the place or as a topic of discussion
Bedroom - REPLACED. Use Home.
Betting - putting money or honor on an idea or challenging someone by making a wager
Bicycle - as a means of transportation or the topic of discussion
Billiards - REPLACED. Use Recreation.
Bird - REPLACED. Use Animals.
Birth - REPLACED. Use Pregnancy.
Birthday - celebration of birthdays
Blasphemy - words/phrases that denigrate religion, the name of gods, religious symbols
Blessing - when a person in authority acquiesces or when a priest invokes God’s grace
Boat - REPLACED. Use Transportation.
Body - clips that identify a variety of body parts
Book - instances when text from a book is read in the clip (see also Letter, Poetry, Telegram)
Bookish - speech that is marked as more typical of written genres than oral speech
Border - scenes involving the crossing of borders, border control, passports, etc.
Bowing - REPLACED. Use ‘gesture’ and make note of bowing in Pedagogical Notes.
Bribe - instances when a bribe is given/taken or discussed
Brothel - place where prostitutes offer their services
Bunker - DELETED. Use word in Clip Description field.
Bureaucracy - when individuals must deal with obstructive government agencies
Bureaucratic - speech that is marked as typical of institutions (see also Bookish)
Bus - REPLACED. Use Transportation.
Cafe - place where light meals and beverages (usually coffee) are served
Cafeteria - place where food is served conveyor line style, usually in education or business
Camaraderie - speech whose function is to create group cohesion
Cancer - when this disease is discussed or portrayed
Car - REPLACED. Use Transportation and include ‘car’ in the clip description or pedagogy notes field.
Cards - when individuals are engaged in playing cards, the names of cards, etc.
Carriage - REPLACED. Use Transportation.
Casino - as setting or talking about a place where gambling occurs
Cellar - REPLACED. Use Home.
Cemetery - as setting or talking about a place where the dead are buried
Censorship - acts of or discussion of government control of speech, press
Chauvinism - acts of male denigration of women
Children - speech about or culturally significant portrayal of children of 2 - 12 years
Church - REPLACED. Use Religion.
Cinema - as setting or talking about movies.
Clarification - speech that repeats, corrects, explains, rephrases so that others understand
Class - use this tag to indicate socio-economic differences, i.e., rich - poor
Classroom - REPLACED. Use School (K-12) or Institute (higher ed)
Cleaning - acts of washing, laundering, cleaning
Clinic - REPLACED. Use Health.
Clock - when clock time or periods of the day are discussed; see also Date
Clothing - wearing, buying, dressing, talking about the things people wear
Club - as setting or talking about a place of social interchange around an activity
Coffee - REPLACED. Use Drinks.
Collision - RPLACED. Use Transportation.
Commerce - discussion of trade, buying and selling goods
Comparative - REPLACED. Use ‘grammar’ and make note in Pedagogical Notes.
Comparison - When two or more things or courses of action are compared.
Complaint - speech that criticizes a third person, an institution; cf. to Criticism and Reproach
Compliment - speech that is intended to make the other feel good about themselves
Compound-conditional - REPLACED. Use ‘grammar’ and make note in Pedagogical Notes.
Compound-subjunctive - REPLACED. Use ‘grammar’ and make note in Pedagogical Notes.
Computer - REPLACED. Use Technology.
Condescension - speech that shows an attitude of condescension to others
Conditional - REPLACED. Use ‘grammar’ and make note in Pedagogical Notes.
Condolence - speech expressing sympathy on someone’s loss
Confession - speech that reveals what were previously held secrets; also, the religious act
Confirmation - speech confirming what another speaker has said
Conservatory - REPLACED. Use Education.
Consolation - speech putting someone as ease
Construction - for construction sites or talk about construction
Country - depictions of wilderness, low habitation; cf. to Rural
Courtyard - the common area outside an apartment building
Crime - use for both white collar and violent crime.
Criticism - speech that is critical of the actions, behavior, attitudes of another; Cf. Reproach
Crying - REPLACED. Use Emotions.
Curse - use for speech that wishes evil on another person
Dancing - clips where dancing is a prominent activity or where it is discussed
Dates - references to dates, years
Death - when death is portrayed and/or discussed
Deception - REPLACED. Use Evasion.
Defense - speech that defends oneself or others after criticism, reproach
Deflection - REPLACED. Use Evasion.
Denial - disavowal of accusation
Dentist - visits to a clinic to see a dentist, talking about dentists
Description - description of a scene or event; see also Narration
Despair - REPLACED. Use Emotions.
Dialect - speech that is marked as a regional variant of the “standard”
Diminutive - REPLACED. Use Grammar.
Dining room - REPLACED. Use Home.
Diplomacy - clips where negotiations between institutions take place
Directions - speech that tells someone how to get somewhere (cf. Instruction)
Disagreement - verbal disagreement between two or more characters
Disabled - when people with disabilities are shown or discussed
Disaster - portrayals or discussion of natural disasters
Disbelief - a character’s refusal to accept information
Disgust - REPLACED. Use Emotions.speech that reflects a speaker’s revulsion to another or to events
Divorce - discussion about the ending of a marriage
Dogsled - REPLACED. Use Transportation.
Doctor - visits to a clinic to see a doctor, talking about doctors; cf. Illness, Injury, Hospital
Document - when a document is discussed or needed, e.g., driver’s license
Dormitory - as setting or talking about a place where students or workers live, share rooms
Dreams - talking about sleeping dreams, dream symbols and meaning; see Aspirations
Drinking - REPLACED. Use Alcohol.
Drinks - Use for social drinking of non-alcoholic beverages (e.g., coffee), expressing thirst, etc.
Drugs - any instances where the recreational use of drugs is portrayed or discussed
Ecology - when the topic is recycling or “green” practices or dealing with garbage
Economy - see also Commerce, Employment, Industry, Insurance, Poverty
Education - a broad descriptor, see also Classroom, Instruction, School, Institute, Exam
Elderly - the portrayal of the elderly and attitudes towards them
Elections - when elections or election campaigns are portrayed or discussed
Elevator - as setting or means of transportation
Email - reading from email, discussing email
Emotions - any portrayal with accompanying verbal expression of strong emotional reaction, e.g., anger, yelling, crying, sadness, etc.
Employment - anything dealing with work/jobs, finding a job, getting fired
Encouragement - speech whose function is to encourage, cheer up another
Endearment - speech containing forms of affection (e.g., honey, dear, darling)
Entryway - REPLACED. Use Home.
Enumeration - speech acts involving the recitation of lists of items
Espionage - acts of espionage, discussion around spying, etc.
Ethnicity - REPLACED. Use Minorities.
Euphemism - words to avoid direct reference to taboo topics
Evasion - attempts to avoid a topic or hide the true meaning so that others won’t understand.
Exam - used when tests are being administered or talked about
Expletive - REPLACED. Use Profanity or Interjection.
Explicit - Scenes where bodily functions or sexual activity is shown
Factory - as setting or talking about the place where goods are manufactured
Family - use for depictions of family relationships; cf. Children, Parents
Farm - use for depictions of farm as a setting
Farming - use for farm life or journalistic reports about the farming industry
Fastfood - REPLACED. Use Food.
Fear - speech revealing a character’s fear
Female - speech that is marked as restricted to the language of women
Feminism - discussions critical of women’s traditional role in society; cf. Chauvinism
Fight - use when disagreements end in physical blows
Film - use for clips that portray the making of a movie or characters acting in a movie
Fire station - as setting or talking about the place where fire fighters work
Fishing - depictions of the life of fishermen or of the fishing industry
Flirtation - speech accompanying acts of flirtation
Flowers - any instance of giving of flowers to show one’s approval, admiration
Food - buying, preparing, eating, or storing food
Foreigners - portrayal of people not native to the target language community; Cf. Non-native
Forest - when setting is in forest
Fortune telling - telling of the future through special media
Friendship - use for the depiction of non-sexual intimacy; cf. Camaraderie
Frustration - speech revealing a character’s loss of well being due to events beyond control
Funeral - use for the depiction of post-mortem rituals
Furniture - use for clips that name (several pieces of) furniture
Gambling - use for games that are played in bars/casinos for money
Games - use for video games, billiards, board games; Cf. Cards, Sport
Garage - as setting or talking about the place where cars are stored or mechanics work
Garden - as setting or talking about the growing of food/flowers for home consumption
Gender - used when general differences between the sexes are discussed/displayed; cf. chauvinism, feminism
Geography - when names of several cities, countries, rivers, etc. are used
Gesture - used for hand, facial, or body movement containing overt messages
Gift - speech associated with giving and receiving gifts
Gossip - discussing others to establish self importance or bond with the interlocutor
Government - use for broad discussions about government and its role in society
Gratitude - speech marked by expressions of this emotion (see also Gift)
Greeting - speech used when greeting someone (see also Introduction)
Grooming - use for brushing hair, teeth, doing ones nails, bathing
Guest - use for depictions of the reception of guests in the home
Gym - use for places where people work with weights, ride stationary bikes, etc.
Gypsy - when Gypsies/Romany as a specific ethnic minority are referenced in a clip
Hairdresser - as setting or talking about the place where haircuts/manicures are given
Happiness - speech marked by expressions of this emotion
Health - anything health-related; Cf. Doctor, Disabilities, Medicine, Illness, etc.
Helicopter - REPLACED. Use Transportation.
Hiking - depictions of or talk about walking in wild settings (forest, mountains, etc)
History - whenever historical events are referenced in the clip
Hobby - e.g., stamp collecting, arts and crafts, etc.; cf. Games, Recreation
Holidays - the celebration of any holidays, festivals, anniversaries, etc.
Home - use this for general domestic interior setting; see also House
Honorifics - Japanese keigo - use the specific Japanese term, e.g., 尊敬語, 謙譲語, 丁寧語
Horseback - REPLACED. Use Transportation.
Hospital - for hospital settings, see also Clinic
Hotel - as setting or talking about the place where people pay to sleep; includes motel
House - a single-family structure; use Home to refer to a generic interior setting
Humor - speech that attempts to be funny, to humor other characters
Hunting - depictions of the recreational sport or for food
Hypothesis - assumptions contrary to conditions or assuming future changes in conditions
Idiom - Phrases whose meaning is not the sum of the meanings of individual words in the phrase
Illness - use for symptoms, discussion of diseases
IM (instant messaging) - use for depiction of text messaging via computer or cell phone
Imperative - REPLACED. Use Grammar.
Incest - depiction of or conversation about sexual relations among related individuals considered taboo
Indigenous - REPLACED. Use Minorities.
Industry - use for industries other than Farming, Fishing, Mining, etc.
Injury - used when the health problem is from external injury; cf. Body
Insomnia - used for sleep disorders
Institute - the place where research and higher education takes place with narrow focus
Instruction - speech whose purpose is to tell or show how to do something
Insult - use of words whose surface meaning is intended to demean (e.g., fatty, idiot)
Insurance - use when insurance (car, life, property, etc) is the topic of discussion
Intercom - use when an intercom is the means of communication (at apartment, in office)
Interjection - exclamations (e.g., Wow! Shit!) and filler words (e.g., you know, er, um)
Interrogation - questions and answers where there is a clear power differential
Interruption - taking the floor and signaling it linguistically
Interview - use for a formal interview, e.g., for a job
Introduction - speech used when introducing someone to another or when introducing oneself
Invitation - suggestions whose intent leads to close social bonds
Irony - speech marked by multiple layers of meaning
Jargon - speech that is marked as restricted to a particular professional group (see Slang)
Jealousy - speech marked by discussion of this emotion
Jew - REPLACED. Use Minorities.
Kitchen - when the kitchen is depicted as the setting
Lake - DELETED.
Language play - any use of pun, rhyme, onomatopoeia, alliteration
Law - when the topic is the law; see also Courts, Justice, Crime
Leave-taking - speech used when taking leave, saying goodbye, etc.
Letter - reading from a letter
Library - the public place where books are kept and lent to readers
Literature - use when literature or famous authors are discussed
Living room - REPLACED. Use Home.
Love - depiction of or speech about feelings of attraction (physical or emotional); cf. Endearment, Affection
Mafia - organized crime, crime as business or as organization
Male - speech that is marked as restricted to the language of men
Manufacturing - when any industry that involves the manufacture of goods
Market - the (usually outdoor) place where food and other goods are sold (see Shops)
Marriage - when people talk about getting married, or the state of the marriage is discussed
Mate - REPLACED. Use Drinks.
Medicine - for all kinds of medical treatment, i.e., folk remedies, prescription drugs, etc.
Mental illness - REPLACED. Use Illness.
Metaphor - any use of metaphor
Metro - REPLACED. Use Transportation.
Military - depiction of military personnel, selective service, etc.; Cf. War
Mining - the mining industry or work in mines
Minorities - the place or lack of place of any non-majority group based on ethnic origins, race, orientation
Mockery - speech that demeans and ridicules another
Money - when spending, borrowing, obtaining money is the topic; Cf. Employment, Commerce
Monologue - speech marked by relatively long text by the character on screen; Cf. Narrator
Mosque - as setting or talking about the place where Muslims worship
Motorcycle - REPLACED. Use Transportation.
Mountains - REPLACED. Use Country.
Museum - when the setting is a museum or a museum is discussed
Music - discussion of music or music groups or prominent use of music; Cf. Song
Myth - the assumed beliefs of a social group
Names - use of names of people (first, last) in unusual ways
Narration - relating a series of events in the past; Cf. Reminiscence, Plans, Nostalgia
Narrator - text read off-camera, often a commentary on events portrayed on screen
Nationalities - use when several nationalities are mentioned
Negotiation - speech characterized by a search for understanding and concensus
Neighbor - relationships with people living in same building, next door, etc.
Newspaper - reading from or commenting on newspaper articles (see also Journalism)
Nightclub - the place where people congregate to listen to music, dance, drink (upscale)
Non-native - speech as spoken by speakers for whom this is not their native language
Nostalgia - speech marked by expressions of missing someone, someplace; cf. Reminiscence
Nudity - display of bare genitalia or women’s breasts in an offhand, casual way; Cf. Explicit
Numbers - incidents where many numbers are used in the clip
Obfuscation - REPLACED. Use Deflection.
Offer - offers to help, to provide information, to do something
Office - as setting or talking about the place where people in white collar jobs work
Opinion - the giving and/or defending of an opinion on a contentious topic
Orientation - when gay and lesbian sexual activity is portrayed or discussed
Orphanage - as setting or talking about the institution
Oxcart - Replaced. Use Transportation.
P/A - speech spoken through public address systems
Pain - DELETED.
Painting - when paintings are discussed or described; Cf. Description
Palace - as setting or talking about the place where royalty/wealthy people live
Parents - parents in a parental role or children caring for elderly parents; cf. Family
Park - as setting or talking about the place where urban people find a piece of nature
Parking - use for depictions of parking cars
Performance - speech used in public performances (e.g., lectures, actors in a play)
Permission - seeking or granting permission to do something
Persuasion - speech that tries to convince others to a point of view, to do something
Pets - household pets such as dogs, cats, birds, etc.; for farm or wild animals, use Animals
Photography - talking about photography, looking at photographs
Plans - step by step listing of future actions, Narration in the future
Poetry - reading of or quoting from poetry
Police - portrayals of policemen carrying out official duties or talking about the police
Politics - portrayals of or discussion about politics or political parties
Pool - the setting or talking about the place where people swim
Post office - the place where people mail packages and letters, buy stamps, etc.
Poverty - depictions of or discussions about extreme poverty; see also Class
Prayer - when people recite prayers or talk about prayer
Pregnancy - speech about pregnancy or portrayals of pregnancy
Pride - speech marked by expressions of this emotion
Prison - as setting or talking about the place where people are incarcerated
Professions - when a number of different professions are mentioned
Profanity - 4-letter words or other words not likely in ‘polite company’
Promise - language associated with an oath or commitment to do or not do something
Proposal - speech used when proposing marriage
Prostitute - when prostitutes, their pimps, and their clients are discussed or portrayed
Proverb - citing a proverb
Q/A - series of questions and answers between characters (see also Interrogation)
Race - when issues of race, racial discrimination, racial profiling are raised
Radio - radio broadcasts included in the film clip or talk about radio
Rally - as setting or talking about the gatherings of people for political purposes
Reassurance - speech that seeks to ameliorate worry, agitation
Reconciliation - making up after a disagreement or estrangement
Reflexive - use for clips that have a large number of reflexive verbs
Refusal - the refusal of a request
Register - speech marked for differences in status due to socio-economic standing, age, etc.
Regret - speech marked by expressions of this emotion
Relief - speech marked by expressions of this emotion
Religion - depiction of religion, religious acts, religious groups; cf. Prayer, Service
Reminiscence - speech that recalls settings, moods, emotions, cf. to Narration
Reproach - criticizing the behavior or actions of another directly; Cf. Criticism
Request - any command or request to do something for another; cf. Supplication,
Resort - depiction of upscale places for relaxation and recreation
Restaurant - a place serving food with menus, see also Cafe, Cafeteria
Rickshaw - REPLACED. Use Transportation.
Riddle - reciting or quoting from a riddle
Rivalry - competition between individuals or groups for the same end
River - DELETED.
Rural - any setting clearly not urban or country, i.e., farmland, villages, small towns
Sadness - speech marked by verbal expressions of this emotion
Sauna - a steam room as typical in private or semi-private situations; cf. Baths
Scam - REPLACED. Use Crime.
Scatology - words used to describe bodily functions of urination, defecation, passing gas
School - as setting or talking about the place where education of children (up to mid-/late-teens)
Science - any discussion of science, scientific research or depiction of same
Scooter - REPLACED. Use Transportation.
Sculpture - depictions of or discussions about this art form
Seasons - discussion of times of year and activities therein; cf. Weather
Security - actions taken or discussed to provide for social and individual security
Service - depictions of a church/synagogue/temple/mosque service
Sex - discussions about or verbal descriptions of sex; see also Affection, Explicit, Nudity
Shame - speech marked by expressions of this emotion
Shops - depiction of any of the retail outlets
Shrine - the place or talking about the place where Shintoists worship
Slang - speech that is marked as restricted to a particular social group; Cf. Jargon
Sleeping - discussion about sleeping habits, dreams
Smoking - portrayals of smoking or discussions about smoking
Soccer - REPLACED. Use Sports.
Socializing - general chit chat in large social gatherings
Song - the performance of a song accompanied by words in a clip; see also Music
Speech - a formal presentation to an audience
Sports - any portrayal or discussion about sport.
Stadium - as setting or talking about the place where sporting events take place
Station - the place where people board intercity busses, trains, ferries
Street - any general outside urban setting on the streets of the city
Subjunctive - REPLACED. Use ‘grammar’ and/or ‘hypothesis’.
Suggestion - REPLACED. Use ‘request’ or ‘advice’.
Suicide - when suicide is portrayed or discussed
Superlative - REPLACED. Use ‘grammar’ and note superlative in Pedagogical Notes.
Superstition - depictions of belief in supernatural forces
Supplication - when requests for assistance come from individuals with little power; cf. Request
Surprise - speech marked by expressions of this emotion
Synagogue - as setting or talking about the place where Jews worship
Syntax - for clips with unusual word order or sentence construction
Taxi - REPLACED. Use Transportation.
Tea - REPLACED. Use Drinks.
Teasing - malicious or playful attempts to attract or estrange the other
Teenager - depictions of 13-18 year-olds (up to college age)
Telegram - the reading from or reference to telegrams
Telephone - speech used on the telephone; Cf. Cellphone
Television - scenes where televisions are central to the scene or where television is discussed
Temple - as setting or talking about the place where Buddhists worship
Terrorism - acts carried out to frighten the civilian population for political ends
Theater - public performances of plays, music, film or the portrayal of plays, film
Theft - REPLACED. Use Crime.
Threat - advice to another where the speaker implies physical danger from self
Titles - use for the unusual or frequent use of titles such as doctor, professor, sir, madam
Toast - speech given before drinking
Toilet - REPLACED. Use Scatology.
Tourism - doing things tourists do, e.g., visiting cultural sites; cf. Travel
Toy - for clips where toys for younger children are portrayed or talked about
Tradition - when antiquated, non-modern approaches to life are portrayed
Train - REPLACED. Use Transportation.
Translation - when a foreign language is being translated into or from the target language
Travel - dealing with travel issues: luggage, passports, transportation; cf. Tourism
Truck - REPLACED. Use Transportation.
Video - scenes where video is being created or the process of creation is being talked about
Videogames - for video arcades, games on computer, handheld game devices
Violence - criminal activity with violence to the body, including battery, murder, rape
War - use for depictions of life during wartime
Warning - advice directed to another where negative consequences are implied; see Threat
Weather - use for weather reports or talk about weather
Wedding - the ceremony and traditions surrounding the beginning of marriage
Well-wishing - speech used to express wishes for good luck, success, etc.
Worry - speech marked by expressions of this emotion; Cf. Frustration
Yelling - speech accompanied by loud verbal activity and comment about same
Zoo - as setting or talking about the place where animals are kept and put on display